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歐盟與紐西蘭對三聚氰胺的意見

2008/9/30

英國食品標準局網站 (http://www.food.gov.uk/news/newsarchive/2008/sep/melamine): 「The European Commission has asked EU Member States to carry out checks on all products imported from China that contain over 15% milk.」 歐盟執行委員會已經要求各盟國對含有百分之十五以上中國進口牛乳成分的所有產品進行檢查。 「All products from China containing more than 15% milk as an ingredient, or products where the percentage of milk content cannot be established, will be subject to documentary, identity and physical checks, including laboratory analysis, to determine that any levels of melamine present in the product do not exceed 2.5 mg/kg.Those products with more than 2.5mg/kg will be destroyed.」 所有來自中國的產品,含百分之十五以上之牛乳成分或牛乳成分百分比不明者,均將接受包含檢驗分析在內之書面、出產證明及實品查驗,以確定該產品之三聚氰胺值不超過二點五毫克/公斤(即二點五ppm),所有含超過二點五毫克/公斤之產品均將被銷毀。 歐盟食品安全委員會網站 (http://www.efsa.eu.int/EFSA/efsa_locale-1178620753812_home.htm): 「EFSA's scientists today issued a statement saying that if adults in Europe were to consume chocolates and biscuits containing contaminated milk powder, they would not exceed the TDI(Tolerable Daily Intake) of 0.5 mg/kg body weight, even in worst case scenarios.」 歐盟食品安全委員會科學家今天簽署了一分聲明指出,如果歐洲成年人食用含三聚氰胺乳製品的巧克力及餅乾,即使在暴露最高濃度三聚氰胺污染食物的狀況下,他們也不會超過人體每公斤每天零點五毫克之攝取容許量。 「EFSA used the highest value of melamine (approximately 2500 mg/kg) reported in Chinese infant formula and consumption at the 95th percentile as a basis for worst case scenarios.」 歐盟食品安全委員會在評估人體可能最大暴露量(worst case scenario)時,係使用已知中國嬰兒配方奶粉中最高量之三聚氰胺(約兩千五百毫克/公斤),及從所有人中,取消耗食物量最多的百分之五平均用量作為估算基礎。 紐西蘭的食品官網 (http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/publications/media-releases/2008/26-sep-melamine-response-update.htm): 「NZFSA has adopted aconservative threshold of 5 ppm for most foods. This means that it has been considered that foods containing up to 5 ppm of melamine do not pose a risk to human health.However for starter infant formula, this level will be set to the current level of test detection of 1 ppm..」 紐西蘭食品安全署對大部分食物採用5ppm的保守值,換句話說,如食品含有高達5ppm三聚氰胺,也不會對人體健康產生風險;但是對於嬰兒配方奶粉而言,此一數值將設定於目前所規定的1ppm檢測值。